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Abstract

Volume 18, Issue 2 (March 2016) 18, 179–181; DOI:10.4103/1008-682X.172640

Epidemiology of varicocele

Bader Alsaikhan, Khalid Alrabeeah, Guila Delouya, Armand Zini

1 Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada
2 Department of Urology, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Radiology, Research Centre of the University of Montreal Hospital Centre, Québec, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence: Prof. A Zini (ziniarmand@yahoo.com)

Abstract

Abstract

Varicocele is a common problem in reproductive medicine practice. A varicocele is identified in 15% of healthy men and up to 35% of men with primary infertility. The exact pathophysiology of varicoceles is not very well understood, especially regarding its effect on male infertility. We have conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating the epidemiology of varicocele in the general population and in men presenting with infertility. In this article, we have identified some of the factors that can influence the epidemiological aspects of varicoceles. We also recognize that varicocele epidemiology remains incompletely understood, and there is a need for well-designed, large-scale studies to fully define the epidemiological aspects of this condition.

Keywords: epidemiology; infertility; varicocele

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