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Abstract

Volume 14, Issue 3 (May 2012) 14, 365–374; 10.1038/aja.2011.142

Lifestyle and dietary factors in the prevention of lethal prostate cancer

Kathryn M Wilson1,3, Edward L Giovannucci1,2,3 and Lorelei A Mucci1,3

1 Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
2 Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
3 Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA

Correspondence: Dr LA Mucci, (lmucci@hsph.harvard.edu)

Received 29 November 2011; Revised 11 January 2012; Accepted 20 January 2012; Advance online publication 16 April 2012

Abstract

The prevention of lethal prostate cancer is a critical public health challenge that would improve health and reduce suffering from this disease. In this review, we discuss the evidence surrounding specific lifestyle and dietary factors in the prevention of lethal prostate cancer. We present a summary of evidence for the following selected behavioral risk factors: obesity and weight change, physical activity, smoking, antioxidant intake, vitamin D and calcium, and coffee intake.

Keywords: epidemiology; diet; life style; obesity; physical activity; prevention; prostate cancer

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