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Volume 17, Issue 2 (March 2015) 17, 281–284; 10.4103/1008-682X.139259

Follicle-stimulating hormone as a predictor for sperm retrieval rate in patients with non-obstructive azoospermia: a systematic review and meta analysis

Qi Yang, Yan-Ping Huang, Hong-Xiang Wang, Kai Hu, Yi-Xin Wang, Yi-Ran Huang, Bin Chen*

Department of Urology, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai Institute of Andrology, Shanghai 200127, China

Correspondence: Dr. B Chen (dr_binchen@126.com)



Noninvasive parameters for predicating sperm retrieval rate (SRR) are desirables. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) has been an important predictor since the first years of testicular sperm extraction. Recent studies showed continuous interests in FSH, with both pros and cons. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic value of FSH as a predictor for patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) taking testicular sperm retrieval. Eligible diagnosis tests were identified from electronic databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, and EMBASE) without language restrictions. The database search, quality assessment, and data extraction were performed independently by two reviewers. The reference standard was the sperm retrieval result. Diagnostic value of FSH were explored by area under receiver operation characteristics (ROC) curve using Review Manager, version 5.1.0 (Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, UK) and Meta-DiSc, version 1.4. Meta regression will be done if there is heterogeneity. Then, we find 11 tests including a total of 1350 patients met the inclusion criteria. Our pooled analysis showed that the area under ROC curve of FSH was 0.72 ± 0.04. Meta regression analyses showed that region and average age have an influence on the diagnostic value. FSH showed more diagnostic value with patients in East Asia and with younger patients. We concluded that FSH had moderate value in independently predicating SRR in men with NOA (area under curve >0.7). More detailed diagnosis tests should be anticipated in the future to confirm the diagnostic value of other noninvasive parameters.

Keywords: follicule-stimulating hormone; meta-analysis; nonobstructive azoospermia; testicular sperm retrieval

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Asian Journal of Andrology CN 31-1795/R ISSN 1008-682X  Copyright © 2023  Shanghai Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences.  All rights reserved.