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Abstract

Volume 17, Issue 6 (November 2015) 17, 916–922; 10.4103/1008-682X.150838

Penile rehabilitation following prostate cancer treatment: review of current literature

Jonathan Clavell-Hernandez, Run Wang

1Division of Urology, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Department of Urology, Houston, Texas, USA
2Division of Urology, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Department of Urology, Houston, Texas; University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA

Correspondence: Prof. Run Wang (run.wang@uth.tmc.edu)

2015-04-07

Abstract

Radical prostatectomy (RP) and radiotherapy (RT) are highly effective in improving prostate cancer survival. However, both have a detrimental effect on erectile function (EF). Penile rehabilitation consists of understanding the mechanisms that cause erectile dysfunction (ED) and utilizing pharmacologic agents, devices or interventions to promote male sexual function. For the past decade, many researchers have pursued to define effective treatment modalities to improve ED after prostate cancer treatment. Despite the understanding of the mechanisms and well-established rationale for postprostate treatment penile rehabilitation, there is still no consensus regarding effective rehabilitation programs. This article reviews a contemporary series of trials that assess penile rehabilitation and explore treatment modalities that might play a role in the future. Published data and trials related to penile rehabilitation after RP and RT were reviewed and presented. Although recent trials have shown that most therapies are well-tolerated and aid in some degree on EF recovery, we currently do not have tangible evidence to recommend an irrefutable penile rehabilitation algorithm. However, advancements in research and technology will ultimately create and refine management options for penile rehabilitation.

Keywords: erectile dysfunction; penile rehabilitation; technology

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