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Volume 18, Issue 1 (January 2016) 18, 60–65; 10.4103/1008-682X.154304

A meta-regression evaluating the effectiveness and prognostic factors of oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors for the treatment of erectile dysfunction

Jin-Qiu Yuan1, Chen Mao1, Zu-Yao Yang1, Xiao-Hong Fu1, Samuel Y Wong2, Jin-Ling Tang1

1 Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Shenzhen Municipal Key Laboratory for Health Risk Analysis, Shenzhen Research Institute of The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen, 518055, China
2 Department of Community and Family Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Correspondence: Prof. C Mao (maochen@cuhk.edu.hk)




The effectiveness of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) for erectile dysfunction (ED) varies considerably among trials, but available studies investigating the factors that affect the effectiveness are few and findings are not consistent. A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE to identify randomized controlled trials comparing PDE5-Is with placebo for the treatment of ED. The methodological quality of included studies was assessed by the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. The associations between prespecified study-level factors and effectiveness were tested by a random effects meta-regression model. This study included 93 trials with 26 139 patients. When all PDE5-Is were grouped together, Caucasian ethnicity was associated with 15.636% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.858% to 32.579%) increase in risk ratio (RR) for Global Assessment Questionnaire question-1 (GAQ-1), and 1.473 (95% CI: 0.406 to 2.338) score increase in mean difference (MD) for posttreatment International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function domain score (IIEF-EF), compared to Asian ethnicity. A one-score increase in baseline IIEF-EF was associated with −5.635% (95% CI: −9.120% to −2.017%) reduction in RR for GAQ-1, and −0.229 (95% CI: −0.425 to −0.042) score decrease in MD for posttreatment IIEF-EF. In conclusion, PDE5-Is are more effective in Caucasians than Asians, and in patients with more severe ED.

Keywords: erectile dysfunction; meta-regression; phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors; systematic review

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