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Abstract

Volume 26, Issue 4 (July 2024) 26, 402–408; 10.4103/aja20242

Network meta-analysis of combination strategies in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer

Wang, Shan-Shan1,2,*; Bian, Xiao-Jie1,2,*; Wu, Jun-Long1,2; Wang, Bei-He1,2; Zhang, Sheng1,3; Ye, Ding-Wei1,2

1Department of Urology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai 200032, China
    
    2Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
    
    3Department of Medical Oncology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai 200032, China

Correspondence: Dr. DW Ye (dingwei_ye1963@163.com)

12 April 2024

Abstract

This study compared different doublet and triplet therapies for efficacy and safety in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were comprehensively searched for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published from inception to October 2023. Interventions included abiraterone, apalutamide, enzalutamide, docetaxel, darolutamide, and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), either as doublet or triplet therapies. The outcomes examined were overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)-free survival, time to symptomatic skeletal event (SSE), and toxicity. The surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) was determined to identify the preferred treatments. Ten RCTs were included. The combination of darolutamide, docetaxel, and ADT had the highest SUCRA of 84.3 for OS, followed by combined abiraterone, docetaxel, and ADT (SUCRA = 71.6). The highest SUCRAs for PFS were observed for triplet therapies (abiraterone, docetaxel, and ADT [SUCRA = 74.9], followed by enzalutamide, docetaxel, and ADT [SUCRA = 74.3]) and other androgen receptor axis-targeted therapy-based doublet therapies (SUCRAs: 26.5–59.3). Darolutamide, docetaxel, and ADT had the highest SUCRAs, i.e., 80.8 and 84.0 regarding CRPC-free survival and time to SSE, respectively. Regarding Grade >3 adverse events (AEs), the SUCRAs of triplet therapies (SUCRAs: 14.8–31.5) were similar to that of docetaxel and ADT (SUCRA = 39.5). Three studies had a low risk of bias in all categories; the remaining studies had at least an unclear risk of bias in at least one category. Triplet therapy demonstrated potentially enhanced effectiveness than doublet therapy in mHSPC, with acceptable safety concerns. Darolutamide might be the optimal option for triplet therapy in combination with docetaxel and ADT.

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Asian Journal of Andrology CN 31-1795/R ISSN 1008-682X  Copyright © 2023  Shanghai Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences.  All rights reserved.