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Volume 6, Issue 4 (December 2004) 6, 343–348;

Prevalence and risk factors of erectile dysfunction in three cities of China: a community-based study

Q. Bai, Q.Q. Xu, H. Jiang, W.L. Zhang, X.H. Wang, J.C. Zhu

1.Department of Urology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing 100044, China;
    2.Department of Urology, Chongqing Medical University Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing 400000, China;
    3.Department of Urology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangzhou 510080, China

Advance online publication 1 December 2004


Aim: To determine the age-adjusted prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) in 3 big cities of China and to explore its potential sociodemographic, medical and lifestyle correlates. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based survey was conducted in three cities of China. Structured questionnaires were administered to 2 226 men, aged 20 - 86 years, by trained interviewers. Results: The age-adjusted prevalence of ED was 28.34 % (mild 15.99 %, moderate 7.14 %, severe 5.21 %). In the men above 40, the prevalence was 40.2 %. Age was positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Education was negatively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Spouse companionship, living condition were positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Histories of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia were positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Cigarette smoking was not correlated with ED (P>0.05), while the cigarette consumption and duration were positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Alcohol drinking is negatively correlated with ED (P<0.01). The duration of drinking was positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Weekly alcohol consumption was not correlated with ED (P>0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of ED increased with age. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hyperlipidemia were positively correlated with the increased prevalence. Sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, such as education, spouse companionship, living condition, cigarette and alcohol consumption or duration also have association with the prevalence of ED.

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